When a property is purchased, the land that comes with it is not always included. According to English common law, the landowner owns everything below the surface, down to the Earth’s centre. However, in some parts of England and Wales, it’s very common for a property title to contain a sentence that excludes mines and minerals from the surface owner’s ownership.
In essence, a property with the titles to the mines and minerals excluded has two owners: the owner of the surface, and the owner of the mines and minerals. This means that even though